Department of Cartography and Geomatics

Department of Cartography and Geomatics
Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences
Institute of Physical Geography and Environmental Planning


Welcome to the Department of Cartography and Geomatics

The Department of Cartography and Geomatics was established on February 1, 2010. Its work involves research related to cartography, geomatics, topography, geodesy, and geomedia, as well as lectures in those fields. We run the engineering course "Geodesy and Cartography" and the MA course "Cartography and Geomatics" and the MA specialization "Cartography and Remote Sensing" in the field of "Geography".

We pursue several research directions. Our mainstream is the geomatic basis for acquiring and managing spatial data as part of the geomatic process. Another research direction is cartographic visualization and geovisualization of spatial accessibility and spatial behavior. This includes conducting user research to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and usability of various graphic and technological solutions. We also deal with animated cartography and the presentation of dynamic spatial-temporal data. In developing the principles of cartographic design, we make use of empirical research in the field of map perception. For this purpose, we use eye tracking devices and online surveys.

Another research trend is related to augmented (AR) and virtual reality (VR) and their application to the presentation of geographical space. As part of this trend, we research the possibility of implementing multi-resolution spatial databases to HMD immersive systems. The result is the creation of models of spatial behavior in virtual reality integrated with topographic mapping.

Regarding web cartography, our research concerns the effectiveness of interactive mapping services and responsive map design (RMD) in the HTML5 standard. We are also extending the usability of the Graphical User Interface (GUI) by examining the user experience with web maps. This translates into developing the principles of map design and human-map interaction, especially for mobile devices. We are also interested in cartography in computer games, in the context of symbols on maps in games, and designing a mini-map.

We also deal with the history of cartography, in particular with the issue of the development and evolution of cartographic principles. Interdisciplinary research is carried out in many of our projects: preattentive attributes of dynamic point symbols in the quantitative mapping (psychology); visualization of the European topographic space on multi-sheet handwritten maps from the 18th century (art history); a multimedia web service for the development of industrial centers since 1820 (cultural landscape) and geomedia (social communication and media studies).

Beata Medyńska-Gulij with Team

Our topics


Beata Medyńska-Gulij: Cartography and Geomedia

2021, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 286.
ISBN: 978-83-01-21554-5 (in Polish)

Beata Medyńska-Gulij and Tadeusz J. Żuchowski: European Topography in Eighteenth-Century Manuscript Maps

2018, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznan, 215.
ISBN: 978-83-7986-204-7 download free private copy

Łukasz Wielebski: Cartographic Visualization in Emergency Services

2019, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań, 116.
ISBN: 978-83-7986-223-8 (in Polish)

Beata Medyńska-Gulij: Cartography. Principles and Applications of Geovisualisation

2015, 2017, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 228.
ISBN: 978-83-01-18328-8 (in Polish)
with a foreword by the President of the International Cartographic Association

Dariusz Lorek, Frank Dickmann, Beata Medyńska-Gulij, Nils Hannemann, Paweł Cybulski, Łukasz Wielebski, Tymoteusz Horbiński: The cultural and landscape development of Polish and German industrial centeres

2018, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Bochum-Poznań, 96.
ISBN: 978-83-7986-195-8

Łukasz Wielebski: Cartographic Visualisation of Spatial Accessibility in a Monocentric Model

2015, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań, 135.
ISBN: 978-83-7986-073-9 (in Polish with summary in English)

Beata Medyńska-Gulij: Cartography and Geovizualisation

2011, 2012 re-print, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 216.
ISBN: 978-83-01-16716-5 (in Polish)

Łukasz Halik: The graphical variables of point symbols in mobile Augmented Reality system

2014, Zakład Kartografii i Geomatyki UAM, Poznań, 181.
ISBN: 978-83-938868-2-1 (in Polish with summary in English)

Paweł Cybulski: Impact of Visual Suggestiveness on Noticing Changes by a User of Animated Map

2017, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań.
ISBN 978-83-7986-159-0 (in Polish with summary in English)

Beata Medyńska-Gulij: Graphic Design Techniques on Maps from World Atlases 1570-1662 and Their Influence on the Creation of Cartographic Principles

2011, Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań, 105.
ISBN: 978-83-62662-92-0


Medyńska-Gulij B., Tegeler T., Bauer H., Zagata K., Wielebski Ł., 2021, Filming the Historical Geography: Story from the Realm of Maps in Regensburg, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 10, 764, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi10110764.
Halik Ł., Kent A.J., 2021, Measuring user preferences and behaviour in a topographic immersive virtual environment (TopoIVE) of 2D and 3D urban topographic data, International Journal of Digital Earth, DOI: 10.1080/17538947.2021.1984595.
Horbiński T., Zagata K., 2021, Map Symbols in Video Games: the Example of "Valheim", KN J. Cartogr. Geogr. Inf., DOI: 10.1007/s42489-021-00085-0.
Medyńska-Gulij B., Forrest D., Cybulski P., 2021, Modern Cartographic Forms of Expression: The Renaissance of Multimedia Cartography, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf, 10, 484, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi10070484.
Krassanakis V., Cybulski P., 2021, Eye Tracking Research in Cartography: Looking into the Future, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 10, 411, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi10060411.
Medyńska-Gulij B., 2021, Linear and painterly expression in topographic works of art during the Enlightenment, International Journal of Cartography, DOI: 10.1080/23729333.2021.1911469.
Cybulski P., 2021, Effectiveness of Memorizing an Animated Route—Comparing Satellite and Road Map Differences in the Eye-Tracking Study, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 10, 159, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi10030159.
Horbiński T., Cybulski P., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2021, Web Map Effectiveness in the Responsive Context of the Graphical User Interface, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 10, 134, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi10030134.
Zagata K., Gulij J., Halik Ł., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2021, Mini-Map for Gamers Who Walk and Teleport in a Virtual Stronghold, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 10, 96, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi10020096.
Cybulski P., Krassanakis, V., 2021, The Role of the Magnitude of Change in Detecting Fixed Enumeration Units on Dynamic Choropleth Maps, The Cartographic Journal, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2020.1842146.
Smaczyński M., Medyńska-Gulij B., Halik Ł., 2020, The Land Use Mapping Techniques (Including the Areas Used by Pedestrians) Based on Low-Level Aerial Imagery, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf., 9(12), 754, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9120754.
Medyńska-Gulij, B.; Zagata, K., 2020, Experts and Gamers on Immersion into Reconstructed Strongholds, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 655, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9110655.
Smaczyński M., Horbiński T., 2020, Creating 3D Model of the Existing Historical Topographic Object Based on Low-Level Aerial Imagery, KN - Journal of Cartography and Geographic Information, DOI: 10.1007/s42489-020-00061-0.
Lorek D., Horbiński T., 2020, Interactive Web-Map of the European Freeway Junction A1/A4 Development with the Use of Archival Cartographic Sources, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 9(7), 438, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9070412.
Cybulski P., Horbiński T., 2020, User Experience in Using Graphical User Interfaces of Web Maps, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 9, 412, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9070412.
Lorek D., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2020, Scope of information in the legends of topographical maps in the nineteenth century - Urmesstischblätter, The Cartographic Journal, 57:2, 113-129, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2018.1547471.
Wielebski Ł., Medyńska-Gulij B., Halik D., Dickmann F., 2020, Time, Spatial, and Descriptive Features of Pedestrian Tracks on Set of Visualizations, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(6), 348, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9060348.
Cybulski P., Wielebski Ł., Medyńska-Gulij B., Lorek D., Horbiński T., 2020, Spatial visualization of quantitative landscape changes in an industrial region between 1827 and 1883. Case study Katowice, southern Poland, Journal of Maps, 16(1), 77-85, DOI: 10.1080/17445647.2020.1746416.
Medyńska-Gulij B., Wielebski Ł., Halik Ł., Smaczyński M., 2020, Complexity Level of People Gathering Presentation on an Animated Map—Objective Effectiveness Versus Expert Opinion, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(2), 117, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi9020117.
Horbiński T., Lorek D., 2020, The use of Leaflet and GeoJSON for creating the interactive web map of the preindustrial state of the natural environment, Journal of Spatial Science, DOI: 10.1080/14498596.2020.1713237.
Cybulski P., 2020, Spatial distance and cartographic background complexity in graduated point symbol map reading task, Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 47:3, 244-260, DOI: 10.1080/15230406.2019.1702102.
Horbiński T., Cybulski P., Medyńska-Gulij B.,2020, Graphic design and placement of buttons in mobile map application, The Cartographic Journal, 57 (3), 196-208, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2019.1631008.
Horbiński T., 2019, Progressive Evolution of Designing Internet Maps on the example of Google Maps, Geodesy & Cartography, 68, 1, 177-190, DOI: 10.24425/gac.2019.126095.
Medyńska-Gulij B., Lorek D., Hannemann N., Cybulski P., Wielebski Ł., Horbiński T., Dickmann F., 2019, Die kartographische Rekonstruktion der Landschaftsentwicklung des Oberschlesischen Industriegebiets (Polen) und des Ruhrgebiets (Deutschland), Cartographic reconstruction of the landscape development of the Upper Silesian industrial area (Poland) and the Ruhr area (Germany), KN - Journal of Cartography and Geographic Information, DOI: 10.1007/s42489-019-00018-y.
Wielebski Ł., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2019, Graphically supported evaluation of mapping techniques used in presenting spatial accessibility, Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 46:4, 311-333, DOI: 10.1080/15230406.2018.1479311.
Krassanakis V., Cybulski, P., 2019, A review on eye movement analysis in map reading process: the status of the last decade, Geodesy & Cartography, 68, 1, 191-205, DOI:10.24425/gac.2019.126088.
Cybulski P., Wielebski Ł., 2019, Effectiveness of dynamic point symbols in quantitative mapping, The Cartographic Journal; 56(2), 146-160, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2018.1507183.
Medyńska-Gulij B., Żuchowski T.J., 2018, An Analysis of Drawing Techniques used on European Topographic Maps in the Eighteenth Century, The Cartographic Journal; 55(4), 309-325, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2018.1558021.
Halik Ł., 2018, Challenges in converting Polish topographic database of built-up areas into 3D virtual reality geovisualization, The Cartographic Journal; 55(4), 391-399, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2018.1541204.
Horbiński T., Cybulski P., 2018, Similarities of global web mapping services functionality in the context of responsive web design , Geodesy & Cartography, 67, 2, 2018, 159-177, DOI: 10.24425/118707.
Cybulski P., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2018, Cartographic redundancy in detecting extreme values in spatio-temporal maps, ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 2018, 7(1), 8, DOI: 10.3390/ijgi7010008.
Medyńska-Gulij B., 2018, Educating tomorrow's cartographers, in: The Routledge Handbook of Mapping and Cartography, Ed. Alexander J. Kent and Peter Vujakovic, Routledge, 561-568. ISBN-13: 978-1138831025, DOI: 10.4324/9781315736822.ch42.
Halik Ł., Smaczyński M., 2017, Geovisualisation of relief in a virtual reality system on the basis of low aerial images Pure and Applied Geophysics, DOI: 10.1007/s00024-017-1755-z.
Halik Ł., Medynska-Gulij B., 2017, The differentiation of point symbols using selected visual variables in the mobile augmented reality system, The Cartographic Journal, 54(2), 147-156, DOI: 10.1080/00087041.2016.1253144.
Horbiński T., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2017, Geovisualisation as a process of creating complementary visualisations: static two-dimensional, surface three-dimensional, and interactive, Geodesy & Cartography, 66, 1, 2017, 45-58, DOI: 10.1515/geocart-2017-0009.
Smaczyński M., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2017, Low aerial imagery - an assessment of georeferencing errors and the potential for use in environmental inventory, Geodesy & Cartography; 66, 1, 2017, 89-104, DOI: 10.1515/geocart-2017-0005.
2016 — 2003
Cybulski P., 2016, Desing Rules and Practices for Animated Maps Online, Journal Journal of Spatial Science 61/2: 461-471, DOI: 10.1080/14498596.2016.1147394.
Medynska-Gulij B., Cybulski P., 2016, Spatio-temporal dependencies between hospital beds, physicians and health expenditure using visual variables and data classification in statistical table, Geodesy and Cartography, 65(1), 67-80, DOI: 10.1515/geocart-2016-0002.
Bielecka E., Medyńska-Gulij B., 2015, Zur Geodateninfrastruktur in Polen. Geodata Infrastructure in Poland, Kartographische Nachrichten, 65/4:201-208, DOI: 10.1007/BF03545142.
Medyńska-Gulij B., Dickmann F., Halik Ł., Wielebski Ł., 2015, Mehrperspektivische Visualisierung von Informationen zum räumlichen Freizeitverhalten — Ein Smartphone-gestützter Ansatz zur Kartographie von Tourismusrouten, j. Cartogr. Geogr. inf. 65, 323–329, DOI: 10.1007/BF03545469.
Cybulski P., 2014, Presentation of spatio-temporal data in the context of information capacity and visual suggestiveness, Geodesy and Cartography; 63 (2), pp. 147-159, DOI: 10.2478/geocart-2014-0011.
Medyńska-Gulij B., 2013, How the Black Line, Dash and Dot Created the Rules of Cartographic Design 400 Years Ago, The Cartographic Journal, 50/4:356-368, DOI: 10.1179/1743277413Y.0000000035.
Medyńska-Gulij B., M. Myszczuk, 2012, TThe geovisualization window of the temporal and spatial variability for Volunteered Geographic Information System, Geodesy and Cartography, 61:31-45, DOI: 10.2478/v10277-012-0020-y.
Halik Ł., 2012, The analysis of selected point-symbol visual variables of the Augmented Reality system for smartphone-type mobile devices, Geodesy and Cartography, 61:19-30, DOI: 10.2478/v10277-012-0019-4.
Medyńska-Gulij B., 2012, Pragmatische Kartographie in Google Maps API. Pragmatical Cartography in Google Maps API, j. Cartogr. Geogr. inf. 62, 250–255, DOI: 10.1007/BF03544493.
Medyńska-Gulij B., 2010, Map compiling, map reading and cartographic design in "Pragmatic pyramid of thematic mapping", Quaestiones Geographicae, 29/1:57-63, DOI: 10.2478/v10117-010-0006-5.
Medynska-Gulij B., 2008, Point Symbols: Investigating Principles and Originality in Cartographic Design, The Cartographic Journal, 45/1:62-67, DOI: 10.1179/000870408X276602.
Medyńska-Gulij B., 2003, The effect of cartographic content on tourist map users, Cartography, 32:47-52, DOI:10.1080/00690805.2003.9714252.
Current and Former Ph.D. Students - supervisor: Prof. Beata Medynska-Gulij:
  • PhD. Dariusz Lorek: Information potential of topographic maps Urmesstischblatter dated to 1822-33 from the area of Wielkopolska, western Poland, Viva Defended - June 2011
  • PhD. Lech Kaczmarek: Information potential of the national spatial databases in cartographic studies of the natural environment, Viva Defended - December 2011
  • PhD. Łukasz Halik: The graphical variables of point symbols in mobile Augmented Reality system, Viva Defended - June 2014
  • PhD. Łukasz Wielebski: Cartographic Visualisation of Spatial Accessibility in a Monocentric Model, Viva Defended - June 2015
  • PhD. Paweł Cybulski: Impact of Visual Suggestiveness on Noticing Changes by a User of Animated Map, Viva Defended - June 2017
  • PhD. Maciej Smaczyński: Identification and visualization of the real land use based on the pedestrian traffic dynamics from low-level aerial imagery (UAV), Viva Defended - June 2019
  • PhD. Tymoteusz Horbiński: The impact of responsive graphic user interface design on web map effectiveness, Viva Defended - June 2020
  • MSc Krzysztof Zagata: Influence of a mini-map on the effectiveness of visualization of geographical space features in a virtual reality system, In progress - 2025
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan

School of Natural Sciences

Faculty of Geographical and Geological Sciences

Institute of Physical Geography and Environmental Planning

Department of Cartography and Geomatics

Tel.: 0048 618296239, 0048 8296246

Address: Collegium Geographicum, ul. B. Krygowskiego 10, 61-680 Poznan, Poland

Professor Beata Medyńska-Gulij

PhD Paweł Cybulski

PhD Łukasz Halik

PhD Tymoteusz Horbiński

PhD Maciej Smaczyński

PhD Łukasz Wielebski

MSc Krzysztof Zagata

Dear Colleagues,

We organized the Special Issue on Multimedia Cartography to be published in the ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information – IJGI (ISSN 2220-9964, IF 2.899)( We think you can see 15 papers by 27 researchers from 8 countries about Modern Cartographic Forms of Expression: The Renaissance of Multimedia Cartography.

Guest Editors
Prof. Dr. Beata Medynska-Gulij, of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland), Dr. David Forrest, of the University of Glasgow (United Kingdom), and Dr. Pawel Cybulski, of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland).

This Special Issue on Multimedia Cartography highlights detailed research in specific research fields. However, the field of interest in multimedia cartography is much wider. Particularly noteworthy is the importance of the cartographic symbol and the map itself as the core of the multimedia visualization. The leading topic at present is the effectiveness of individual media in conveying information, in particular the effectiveness and efficiency of cartographic communication in multimedia presentation. In the context of changing technology, it is interesting to note the importance of new media such as VR, AR, holography and their significance for cartography. Among the research included in this Special Issue, one can also find questions about the place of maps in new technologies.

As the presented research shows, cartography plays a crucial role in the information communication process. The map is becoming an inseparable element of navigation in space, especially on mobile devices. In addition to the real world, it is part of virtual tours and allows finding specific locations in virtual space. Cartographers search for mapping methods that will be most useful and attractive for users by researching effectiveness, efficiency, and user experience implementing new research methods and technologies. Multimedia maps are used in education, storytelling, navigation, visualization and, above all, in everyday activities.

Department of Cartography and Geomatics - 2021